In this tutorial, I’m going to provide an introduction to the basics of the programming language C++. I’ll describe how to compile your first program with the gcc compiler on Linux and Mac, although the code should also work on Windows using the Visual Studio compiler. If you’re new to programming, I’d probably recommend getting started with an easier scripting language like Python, before you get into C++. That said, hopefully the information in this post should still be useful for the complete beginner.
What is C++?
C++ was invented by Bjarne Stroustrup in 1978 as an extension of the popular C programming language. It added classes and the ability to write object orientated code.
Is C++ worth learning?
Although C and C++ came out decades ago, they remain extremely popular when speed and performance are a crucial requirement. Although C is a great language, C++ added a lot of functionality which comes in handy for big projects. While knowing C will give you a head-start when understanding C++, it is not essential. Personally, I started off learning C before changing to C++ because the imaging library I use for a lot of my work (OpenCV) is written in C++.