Home Programming First impression of Swift (Apple’s new programming language)

First impression of Swift (Apple’s new programming language)

by Jack Simpson

Swift is Apple’s new programming language, which promises to allow you to write iOS and OS X apps more easily than with Objective-C. Apple have released a free eBook titled “The Swift Programming Language” which provides an overview of the language. This is where I gained my main impressions on Swift. To give you a little background on myself: while I have had an interest in getting into app development for a while, at this point I haven’t touched any Objective-C – I am currently programming mainly with C, C++ and Python.

The first thing I thought when I started looking at the Swift code examples, is how much it reminds me of Python. Consider the first Python script most of us learned:

print("Hello, world!")

Now consider Swift’s syntax:

println("Hello, world")

At the same time, the method for assigning variables reminds me very much of the syntax of Javascript. To assign a variable in Swift:

var mynumber = 23

However, defining constants seems a little weird to me, as you have to use the keyword “let” rather than “var”:

let pi = 3.14

Swift will automatically work out that the constant “pi” is a float, although it does give you ways to explicitly define the type, especially if you want the precision of a double.

Next, moving onto arrays, the resemblance to Python is uncanny, to take the example that Apple have used in their book:

var shoppingList = ["catfish", "water", "tulips", "blue paint"]
shoppingList[1] = "bottle of water"

Control flow and loops employ a very C-like syntax, although the braces again make the code appear similar to JavaScript. To take another code example from the book:

let individualScores = [75, 43, 103, 87, 12]
var teamScore = 0
for score in individualScores {
    if score > 50 {
        teamScore += 3
    } else {
        teamScore += 1

I’ve only scratched the surface of Swift in this short post, and if you’re interested in app development I’d recommend downloading the free eBook and having a browse through. I was rather put off getting into App development by how busy I was and by the syntax of Objective-C. I really like how Scratch looks and think when Xcode 6 is released I might finally be motived to build a native iOS app.

You may also like